Challenges in India are immense, more probably than anywhere else. By considering these challenges and its neighbors, it is even more astounding that the most diverse nation on Earth, with hundreds of languages, all religions and cultures, is not only surviving, but thriving by the idea of liberal- secular- democracy.
Over 92% people living in India are not the original inhabitants of India. Their ancestors came from outside, mainly from the North West. There is tremendous diversity in Indian nation where Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism were born. India is the second largest Muslim nation on Earth and Christianity has existed for over 2000 years. It has so many religions, castes, languages, ethnic groups, etc.
“You drive every half an hour you see a different language, different dialect, different food and probably a different religion as well.” Secularism is not a word, its a state-of-mind, its mutual respect for different belief systems, its about acknowledging and accepting plurality among national races.
“Indian nationalism is not based on language, geography, ethnicity and religion, but is that of an idea of an ever-ever land emerging from an ancient civilization, united by a shared history, sustained by pluralist democracy”.
There are many challenges like many steeped in casteism, communalism, superstitions, backward, feudal ideas and practices pseudo-religious, power-hungry, bigotry and intolerance. Narrow and sectarian ideologies which drew inspiration from Hitler’s ideology of racial purity led to divisiveness. Fighting against communalism and religious fanaticism is a tireless one. India’s secular and plural ethos has to be constantly defended from forces trying to spread hate and assert the supremacy of one religion over another. Principles of secularism and democracy would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
Steps for growth
Infrastructure (Industrial corridor), human capital, business regulation, finance (inclusive, banking, monetary (rbi)), Promote equity by redistribution of income – PDS, NREGA and other welfare programs.